Nuclear power uses uranium and plutonium.
The reactor undergoes a controlled nuclear reaction, which creates heat.
The heat turns water to steam, which turns a turbine, producing electrical energy.
The advantages of nuclear energy are obvious:
But the disadvantages are numerous:
In 1986, at a Russian nuclear plant outside Kiev, a fire and explosion released large quantities of radioactivity into the atmosphere. The radioactivity spread over thousands of square kilometers and radioactive particles were found 1000km away in Sweden. It is estimated that 10,000 people died of exposure and related cancers. Even today, there is a 30km exclusion zone where it is just too dangerous to walk. It is expected to be like this for the next 100 years.
Chernobyl twenty tears later
Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant damaged by tsunami 2011